Computer simulation modelling of water
The first ECGs worked with flood risk and the current group looks at issues in local water management. This focus on water comes from the fact that water is a critical part of the natural environment, necessary for human existence, but also unpredictable and dangerous. Water is an important topic for natural science, engineering and social science.
Computer modelling is a key method in scientific research on water and for water policy and management. Scientists and engineers have developed computer models that can represent a wide range of processes involving water: e.g. flooding, pollution, water resources. Models are used to simulate the impacts of natural and societal phenomena, such as storms, climate change, urban development. For water management purposes models are used to simulate interventions aiming, for example, to reduce flood risk or improve water quality.
The familiarity with computer models in science and policy makes them useful for ECGs. In ECGs we use computer models to articulate local knowledge with scientific knowledge and communicate the findings to technical experts and decision makers. Many of the models created by scientists to investigate different processes can be used by local people as well.